Microbiota and Systems Biology

Microbiota and Systems Biology Research Group

Research Group Head

The gastrointestinal microbiota plays an essential, though poorly understood role in many aspects of human biology. Emerging evidence suggests the bacterial community structure can impact diseases as diverse as autoimmune diseases, cancers and infections. Despite this importance, many of the species of bacteria that inhabit this environment remain to be grown in the laboratory, let alone genome sequenced or their interactions with the human immune system characterised. Research within the Microbiota and Systems Biology laboratory applies genomics, computational and systems biology, microbiology and immunology to develop our understanding of these bacteria, their genomes and reciprocal interactions with the human immune system that lead to disease or maintain health.

Using cutting edge bacterial culturing, genomics and host-transcriptomics, our research builds on a strong, fundamental understanding of basic microbiology, immunology and systems biology to develop therapeutic options for many conditions and diseases. Potential treatment options developed through this work range from methods of biomarker detection to guide therapy or control the spread of antimicrobial resistance within the healthcare system through to identification of optimal bacterial communities and the development of conventional and bacteriotherapy based clinical interventions to improve human health.

Research Group

Selected publications

  • Browne HP*, Forster SC*, Anonye BO, Kumar N, Neville BA, Stares MD, Goulding D, Lawley TD (* equal first authors) (2017) Culturing of ‘unculturable’ human microbiota reveals novel taxa and extensive sporulation. Nature 533(7604):543-546.

  • Forster SC*, Browne HP, Kumar N, Hunt M, Denise H, Mitchell A, Finn RD, Lawley TD* (*co-corresponding authors) (2016) HPMCD: the database of human microbial communities from metagenomic datasets and microbial reference genomes. Nucleic Acids Res D1:604-609.

  • Forster SC, Finkel AM, Gould JA, Hertzog PJ (2013) RNA-eXpress annotates novel transcript features in RNA-seq data. Bioinformatics 29(6):810-812.

  • Rusinova, I*, Forster SC*, Yu S, Kannan A, Masse M, Cumming H, Chapman R, Hertzog PJ (*equal first authors) (2013) Interferome v2.0: an updated database of annotated interferon-regulated genes. Nucleic Acids Res 41:D1040-1046.

  • Forster SC (2017) Illuminating microbial diversity. Nat Rev Microbiol 15(10):578.